Protection Department

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From protection department

According toUnited Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)

According toUnited Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) Protection encompasses all activities at ensuring full respect for the rights of the individuals in accordance with human rights law, International Humanitarian Law (which applies in situations of armed conflict) and refugee law.

States have the primary responsibility to protect people within their jurisdiction, non-governmental organizations can only support.
This includes ensuring they are spared from the effects of fighting and have access to food, medical attenti on, shelter, education, justice, water and many other basic services. When National authorities or other parties to the conflict are unable or unwilling to meet these obligations, humanitarian organizations with the parties’ consent provide assistance to the affected population. In addition, such organization may undertake advocacy to promote the rights of the population and encourage the primary duty bearers to meet their obligations, it is by this, that Salient Humanitarian Organisation was registered to the government in giving the population of concern the kind of protection they deserve, which implies that as duty bearers, we have a ‘’Protection Mandate’’.

Protection is frequently a major concern in all humanitarian crises-situations of conflict and violence, as well as natural disaster.

An effective humanitarian response to such situations must be informed by an analysis of the threats and risks that people face after which appropriate steps are taken to minimize those threats and risks and ensure full rights of those that are affected by the disaster or armed conflict. Humanitarian actors must ensure that their activities do not lead to or perpetuate discrimination, abuse, neglect and violence. The success of the efforts to overcome the effects of conflict, violence, mass atrocities and human rights violations that give rise to displacement are inextricably linked to addressing the interests, needs, and vulnerabilities of those displaced by these phenomena.

In many instances, the scale and impact of displacement can be so great that no realistic plan to bring about durable solutions over the long-term can ignore enthusiastic protection relating to needs of displaced persons.

According to an OCHA humanitarian report released on the 6th of May 2020

According to an OCHA humanitarian report released on the 6th of May 2020, the number of people in need of urgent assistance in North East Nigeria rose from 7.1 million in 2019 to 7.9 million in 2020 as a result of displacement emanating from insurgency. Round 31 Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) assessment conducted by IOM with the aim to improve the understanding about the scope of internal displacements, returns and the needs of affected populations in conflict-affected states of northeastern Nigeria covering the period of 15th January to 15th February 2020 states that 31, 2,046,604 or 420,072 households were recorded as displaced, an increase of 7,512 persons against the last assessment conducted in December 2019 when 2,039,092 internally displaced persons (IDPs) were identified. Also, a total of 1,673,862 returnees were recorded in the DTM Round 31 assessment an increment of 62,186 or 4 percent from the 1,611,676 persons that were identified as returnees in the last round of assessment conducted in December 2019. The most paramount response is largely about overcoming the fundamental threat that displacement poses to the vulnerable persons by providing protection in finding adequate shelter, food, medical treatment, livelihood and other essentials to promote durable solutions to those groups of individuals who have been forced to flee their homes and communities for safety elsewhere.

Because situations of mass displacement are initially humanitarian crises that threaten the physical survival, mental and general well-being of the displaced, the promotion of the rule of law along with justice and accountability also play an essential role in creating the necessary conditions for achieving "just returns" and other durable solutions. SHO is an active Protection actor in GBV, Child Protection and General Protection in North-East, Nigeria, we have past and ongoing programs in MMC and Jere LGAs in Borno States.

We have worked and implemented activities with the government and community members, we have also worked closely with other actors to support and alleviate the suffering of women, girls, boys, men, the aged and people living with disability through referral services.

We have conducted series of advocacies on protection concerns, capacity building, data management and service delivery.

We have the technical expertise, skilled administrative ability═ż have better understanding working in a complex context, infrastructure and field presence as well as good relation with the community. Currently,

Salient Humanitarian Organisation is carrying out General Protection activities in Yajiwa Kusheri Camp, Yajiwa Borehole Camp, Sulemanti Camp, El-miskin Center Camp, Madinatu Camp, Gongolong Camp, Shuwari Filin, Ball Camp, Isa Gamai, and Kesa Kura, all in MMC and Jere.

These general protection activities encompass; Child protection, Psychosocial Support, Sexual and Gender Based Violence, Care for the old and Persons Living with Disability.

We are currently implementing a wet feeding project in Ngala and Mobbar Local Government area of Borno state targeting refugee returnees who are confined in isolation centers upon arrival, a Camp Management and Camp Coordination project in MMC and Jere local Government, we are also managing warehouses of UNHCR (Jere) and WFP (Bama) and in all of these outlined projects, there is an iota of protection since every humanitarian implementation is directed towards protecting persons of concern, no matter the focus of the project insofar as, it is targeted towards bringing succour to the persons of concern. In doing this, we are conscious of the humanitarian principles as we consider Humanity, impartiality, neutrality, independence as we ask that every all humankind be treated humanely and equally, provision of humanitarian assistance must be impartial and no discrimination on the basis of nationality, race, gender, religion, political opinion or class. It must be based on need alone.
SHO wouldn’t take sides in hostilities or engage at any time in controversies of a political, racial, religious or ideological nature during protection activities.

SHO formulates and implement her own policies independently of government policies or actions, although there are auxiliaries in the humanitarian services and subject to the laws of their countries, we maintain our autonomy from political, economic, and military so as to work in accordance with the humanitarian principles.

Encouraging other organisations to mainstream protection has also ensured that the protective impact of aid programming is maximized through the incorporation of protection principles into aid delivery, with this, humanitarian actors in locations we implement have ensured that their activities target the most vulnerable, enhance safety, dignity, promote and protect the human rights of the beneficiaries without contributing to or perpetuating discrimination, abuse, violence, neglect and exploitation.
The involvement of humanitarian workers in acts of sexual exploitation and abuse is a grave violation of our responsibility to do no harm and to protect people affected by crises. Salient is equally committed to the global fight to eradicate sexual exploitation and abuse.

Salient Humanitarian Organization (SHO)


“SALIENT HUMANITARIAN ORGANIZATION as a national partner in the CCCM/SHELTER/NFI cluster is giving support to (NEMA ) and (SEMA) by providing Camp Coordination and Camp Management services to the population affected by the ongoing conflict at North-eastern parts of Nigeria particularly Borno state.”


“We registered more than 900HHs new arrivals from various nearby villages that are still experiencing attacks by the insurgents; rapid NFI response was made by our team to meet the needs of 300HHs and the others were advocated for adequately.”


“ Salient also identified more than 1000 shelters to be either partially damaged or completely damaged due to flood or long time usage; we were able to provide improved living spaces, essential household needs and rehabilitation of some these gaps according to our capacity to respond.”